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A manual transmission, also known as a manual gearbox or stick shift is a type of transmission used in motor vehicle applications. A conventional, 5-speed manual transmission is often the standard equipment in a base-model car; other options include automated transmissions such as an automatic transmission (often a manumatic), a semi-automatic transmission, or a continuously variable transmission (CVT).

The function of any transmission is transferring engine power to the driveshaft and rear wheels. Gears inside the transmission change the vehicle’s drive-wheel speed and torque in relation to engine speed and torque. Lower (numerically higher) gear ratios serve as torque multipliers and help the engine to develop enough power to accelerate from a standstill.

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